Using a middleware

This package comes with RoleMiddleware, PermissionMiddleware and RoleOrPermissionMiddleware middleware. You can add them inside your app/Http/Kernel.php file.

protected $routeMiddleware = [
    // ...
    'role' => \Spatie\Permission\Middlewares\RoleMiddleware::class,
    'permission' => \Spatie\Permission\Middlewares\PermissionMiddleware::class,
    'role_or_permission' => \Spatie\Permission\Middlewares\RoleOrPermissionMiddleware::class,
];

Then you can protect your routes using middleware rules:

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role:super-admin']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['permission:publish articles']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role:super-admin','permission:publish articles']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role_or_permission:super-admin|edit articles']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role_or_permission:publish articles']], function () {
    //
});

Alternatively, you can separate multiple roles or permission with a | (pipe) character:

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role:super-admin|writer']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['permission:publish articles|edit articles']], function () {
    //
});

Route::group(['middleware' => ['role_or_permission:super-admin|edit articles']], function () {
    //
});

You can protect your controllers similarly, by setting desired middleware in the constructor:

public function __construct()
{
    $this->middleware(['role:super-admin','permission:publish articles|edit articles']);
}
public function __construct()
{
    $this->middleware(['role_or_permission:super-admin|edit articles']);
}

Catching role and permission failures

If you want to override the default 403 response, you can catch the UnauthorizedException using your app’s exception handler:

public function render($request, Exception $exception)
{
    if ($exception instanceof \Spatie\Permission\Exceptions\UnauthorizedException) {
        // Code here ...
    }

    return parent::render($request, $exception);
}