Creating and configuring reactors

A reactor is a class, that much like a projector, listens for incoming events. Unlike projectors however, reactors will not get called when events are replayed. Reactors will only get called when the original event fires.

Creating reactors

Let’s create a reactor. You can perform this artisan command to create a projector in app\Reactors:

php artisan make:reactor BigAmountAddedReactor

Registering reactors

By default, the package will automatically find and register all reactors found in your application.

Alternatively, you can also manually register them in the reactors key of the event-sourcings config file.

They can also be added to the Projectionist. This can be done anywhere, but typically you would do this in a ServiceProvider of your own.

namespace App\Providers;

use App\Projectors\AccountBalanceProjector;
use Illuminate\Support\ServiceProvider;
use Spatie\EventSourcing\Facades\Projectionist;

class EventSourcingServiceProvider extends ServiceProvider
{
    public function register()
    {
        // adding a single reactor
        Projectionist::addReactor(BigAmountAddedReactor::class);

        // you can also add multiple reactors in one go
        Projectionist::addReactors([
            AnotherReactor::class,
            YetAnotherReactor::class,
        ]);
    }
}

Using reactors

This is the contents of a class created by the artisan command mentioned in the section above:

namespace App\Reactors;

class MyReactor
{
    public function onEventHappened(EventHappended $event)
    {

    }
}

Just by adding a typehint of the event you want to handle makes our package call that method when the typehinted event occurs. All methods specified in your projector can also make use of method injection, so you can resolve any dependencies you need in those methods as well.

Getting the uuid of an event

In most cases you want to have access to the event that was fired. When [using aggregates]() your events probably won’t contain the uuid associated with that event. To get to the uuid of an event simply add a parameter called $aggregateUuid that typehinted as a string.

// ...

public function onMoneyAdded(MoneyAdded $event, string $aggregateUuid)
{
    $account = Account::findByUuid($aggregateUuid);
    
    Mail::to($account->user)->send(new MoreMoneyAddedMailable());
}

The order of the parameters giving to an event handling method like onMoneyAdded. We’ll simply pass the uuid to any arguments named $uuid.

Manually register event handling methods

The $handlesEvents property is an array which has event class names as keys and method names as values. Whenever an event is fired that matches one of the keys in $handlesEvents the corresponding method will be fired. You can name your methods however you like.

Here’s an example where we listen for a MoneyAdded event:

namespace App\Reactors;

use App\Events\MoneyAdded;

class BigAmountAddedReactor
{
    /*
     * Here you can specify which event should trigger which method.
     */
    protected $handlesEvents = [
        MoneyAdded::class => 'onMoneyAdded',

    ];

    public function onMoneyAdded(MoneyAdded $event)
    {
        // do some work
    }
}

This reactor will be created using the container so you may inject any dependency you’d like. In fact, all methods present in $handlesEvent can make use of method injection, so you can resolve any dependencies you need in those methods as well. Any variable in the method signature with the name $event will receive the event you’re listening for.

Using default event handling method names

In the example above the events are mapped to methods on the reactor using the $handlesEvents property.

// in a reactor

// ...

protected $handlesEvents = [
    MoneyAdded::class => 'onMoneyAdded',
];

You can write this a little shorter. Just put the class name of an event in that array. The package will infer the method name to be called. It will assume that there is a method called on followed by the name of the event. Here’s an example:

// in a reactor

// ...

protected $handlesEvents = [
    /*
     * If this event is passed to the reactor, the `onMoneyAdded` method will be called.
     */ 
    MoneyAdded::class,
];

Handling a single event

You can $handleEvent to the class name of an event. When such an event comes in we’ll call the __invoke method.

// in a reactor

// ...

protected $handleEvent =  MoneyAdded::class,

public function __invoke(MoneyAdded $event)
{
}

Using a class as an event handler

Instead of letting a method on a reactor handle an event you can use a dedicated class.

// in a projector

// ...

protected $handlesEvents = [
    /*
     * If this event is passed to the projector, the `AddMoneyToAccount` class will be called.
     */ 
    MoneyAdded::class => SendMoneyAddedMail::class,
];

Here’s an example implementation of SendMoneyAddedMail:

use App\Events\MoneyAdded;

class SendMoneyAddedMail
{
    public function __invoke(MoneyAdded $event)
    {
        // do work to send a mail here
    }
}