Subscribing to a list

You can use a string to subscribe to an email list.


Behind the scenes, we’ll create a Subscriber with email and a Subscription, which is the relation between a subscriber and a list.

If you try to subscribe an email that already exists on a list it will be ignored.

You can also use a Subscriber to subscribe to an email list.

$subscriber = Subscriber::findForEmail('');


Specifying first name and last name

There are attributes named first_name and last_name on the Subscriber model itself. When subscribing you can fill them by passing a second argument to subscribe.

$subscription = $emailList->subscribe('', ['first_name' => 'John', 'last_name' => 'Doe']);

$subscription->subscriber->first_name; // returns 'John'
$subscription->subscriber->first_name; // returns 'Doe'

Adding regular attributes

If you need more attributes on a subscriber you can create a migration that adds a field.

Schema::table('email_list_subscribers', function (Blueprint $table) {

To fill the field just add a key to the second array passed to subscribe.

$subscription = $emailList->subscribe('', ['job_title' => 'Developer']);

$subscription->subscriber->job_title; // returns 'Developer'

Adding extra attributes

The email_list_subscribers table has an json field called extra_attributes. You can use this field to add unstructured data to a subscriber.

When subscribing pass all the data to the third argument of subscribe. This data will be saved in extra_attributes.

$emailList->subscribe('', [],  [
    'key 1' => 'value 1',
    'key 2' => 'value 2'

$subscriber = Subscriber::findForEmail('');

$subscriber->extra_attributes->get('key 1'); // returns 'value 1';
$subscriber->extra_attributes->get('key 2'); // returns 'value 2';

You can read more on extra attributes in this section of the docs.

Checking if someone is subscribed

You can check if a given email is subscribed to an email list.

$emailList->isSubscribed(''); // returns a boolean

You can use a subscriber to check to if it is subscriber to a list.

$subscriber->isSubscribedTo($emailList) // returns a boolean;

Getting all list subscribers

To get all subscribers of an email list you can use the emailList you can call subscribers on an email list.

$subscribers = $emailList->subscribers; // returns all subscriber

To get the email address of a subscriber call email on a subscriber.

$email = $subscribers->first()->email;

Calling subscribers on an email list will only return subscribers that have a subscription with a subscribed status. Subscribers that have unsubscribed or are still pending (when using double opt in) will not be returned.

To return all subscribers, including all pending and unsubscribed ones, use allSubscribers.

$allSubscribers = $emailList->allSubscribers;

Skipping opt in when subscribing

If double opt-in is enabled on a list, then subscribeTo won’t result in an immediate subscription. Instead, the user must first confirm, by clicking a link in a mail, before their subscription to the new list is completed.

To immediately confirm someone, and skipping sending the confirmation mail, use subscribeNow:


// or using an existing subscriber